© The essay herein is the intellectual property of Igor V. Babailov and may not be reproduced in whole or in part without written permission from Igor V. Babailov. Any attempt to plagiarize the written material of this page will violate the international community's laws and ethics.
'Painterly' or 'Photorealistic'
ALL of the greatest Masters in the history of art regarded formal academic training as indispensable for the development of the highest professional skills. My teaching experience is a direct result of my own years of studies (1974-1990) in the consistency of the academic discipline and established curriculum at one of the world's oldest and acclaimed fine art institutions, the Russian Academy of Arts (1757). Having started my formal art education at the age of 9,
I continued to study within the academic art establishment for the next 16 years and became very familiar with countless challenges one may face in drawing, painting, composition, etc. Therefore, based on my own vast experience of being a formal student for many years, I understand and know exactly what the students need in any given situation, and how to successfully resolve any questions they may have, right on the spot.
Students posses and are enriched by the skills and knowledge that their teachers pass on to them. If their teacher had not received a formal classical education, it is most likely that the students would then be limited to only acquire their teacher's 'style' or 'approach', and the fruits of their labor would result in their becoming 'beggars in knights armor' so to speak, as the roots of deep knowledge and skill, vital for the development of artistic individuality, would not be introduced.
Commissioned Portrait Artist
Honorary Academician of the Russian Academy of Arts (est.1757)
Igor V. Babailov, Hon RAA
A true realistic painting in the tradition of the Masters will not look like a photo, and visible brushstrokes will not be chaotic to draw the unnecessary attention either. The brushstrokes will strictly follow the form and correspond to the bone and muscle structure underneath the skin, they will guide the viewer's eye in the right direction to search for the subject's inner-world, instead of intentionally destructing from possible mistakes in proportions. Speaking of proportions and anatomy... the arms and hands in the portrait, especially HANDS, which were described by the Masters as "another portrait", should always be impeccably drawn in proportion to the body, with the expertise of the anatomic structure, to assure their equal life-like appearance in the portrait. This is why the works of 'painterly' Masters, such as Sargent and Zorn, are strong and never 'cartoonish', as they have the substance of the anatomic strength and uncompromising loyalty to the accuracy of drawing in every area of the painting.
My workshops contain two important parts: the Instructor's Demo and the Students' Practice. In Visual Art we learn by seeing. In fact, that is how we learn. Therefore, within my workshop program, I do three separate 1,5 - 3 hour (quick and highly detailed) life demonstrations in drawing, pastel and oil, each - in the historic Academically trained approach. This is a great opportunity for students to witness the progression of the portrait painting from life, from start to completion. My goal, as your instructor, is to simply show you and teach you 'right' from 'wrong', so you can quickly get on the right and your own artistic path towards advancing your skills where 'sky is the limit'. Following my demo, inspired students work on their own pieces, and every student receives my personal and individual attention, according to their needs and specific requirements.
I look forward to seeing you in class!
All to say, the 'painterly style' in contemporary portrait painting may often be used to camouflage the errors in anatomy and proportions; and we should not follow blindly the praises for such a "style" without keeping in mind that the above mentioned Masters did not just paint, they "drew with brushes", as I always like to say. The great Italian Master of the 20th century, Pietro Annigoni stated: "Painting does not exist without Drawing, and it is Drawing that gives the exact measure to the painter." Let us remember this!
Click to enlarge
The Power of Proper Art
strength for every artist, as first and foremost, it's the academic principle in every subject we draw that we must learn to see. Wouldn't you like to have a total confidence in yourself as an artist - to be able to draw and paint realistically entirely from life or from your imagination, absolutely anything and be totally comfortable without the use of the camera, when portraying any subject in any genre: portrait, landscape or multi-figurative composition?
One can compare art education to the solid foundation for a house – once it is built properly, it will hold any shape or form you will place on it. This is why it is not enough to acquire just any art education, it must be the proper classical art education, as in parallel with painting, it also teaches you to draw.
Having a broad and well-rounded academic formation prior to acquiring someone's style, is a source of
Have you ever had a feeling, by looking at contemporary realistic paintings, particularly portrait paintings, that they could be divided into two "polarized" categories: some of them seem 'dried out' and resemble photographs, and the others look somewhat 'incomplete' in the "bravura" of painterly brushstrokes?
Academic method, or someone's 'style'?
The academic method of learning is universal and also economical. It saves you time and money in the long run and the trouble of trying to build what you need out of bits and pieces from various workshops by different instructors who only teach their own "approach", instead of the classical foundation. Different instructors' personal approaches and their often complicated palettes may 'clash' with each other and result in confusion and unclear direction for the students. It is like attempting to learn how to write using both hands at the same time. How far would you go?
If you want to learn fast and efficiently, proper academic instruction, in the principles of classical academic curriculum, should be your focus. It is accessible, straight forward and recognized for the most effective teaching of composition, perspective, foreshortenings, anatomy and tonal values. All the Masters of the past did just that. They themselves went through this very same classical school, and that is how they developed their artistic individuality and became The Masters. Bouguereau, Zorn, Repin are known for their very distinct individual styles, yet that was not what they learned during their academy training, not 'styles', but the very same alphabet of academic art language, and spoke it fluently in their own way.
Studied at the
Royal Swedish Academy of Arts
Studied at the
École des Beaux-Arts, Paris
Studied at the Russian
Imperial Academy of Arts
Sharing the Historic Russian School of Traditional Art Education
Since 1974 through 1990, I was very fortunate to study and receive the distinguished art degrees from the Russian Academy of Arts (est.1757).
My friend Michael Novak, the Templeton Prize recipient and world-renowned American scholar, once stated: "One good thing that came out of the Iron Curtain, was the Russian outstanding art education!"
When the Modernism was already marching for decades throughout Western Europe and North America, the Russian school of art was the only historic school in the world, that stayed free of that influence, as behind the 'iron curtain' it kept its academic roots intact and preserved the best of classical academic education. That is why my classes are not limited to so-called 'levels' of instruction, as I share with my students the IN-SIGHT of my formal art education, which covers a broad spectrum of critical issues, highly beneficial to all artists: students and professionals, all who aim to improve and polish their skills in drawing and painting. Leonardo da Vinci wrote, 'Poor is a student, who doesn’t go further than their teacher.' Just like Leonardo, I also believe that there must be no secrets whatsoever and I share with my students one hundred percent of everything I have learned during my own academic years in the classrooms and studios of the historically acclaimed Academy.
For God, Gold aned Glory
The Arrival of Christopher Columbus and his crew in the Americas (oil on canvas)
by Igor Babailov